While the U.S. immigrant population maintained moderate growth in 2017, the national origins of new arrivals have shifted significantly over the past decade. Recent newcomers are more likely to be from Asia, Central America, and Africa, and less likely to be from Mexico. In fact, the Mexican immigrant population fell by 441,000 between 2010-2017. Three-quarters of all immigrant growth during the period owes to immigration from India and China, in particular, as well as countries such as the Dominican Republic, Philippines, Venezuela, Nigeria, and Bangladesh. This Migration Information Source article compares the demographic and socioeconomic profile of these 15 high-growth groups to the overall U.S. immigrant population, finding them to be more likely to be recent arrivals, be proficient in English, and have higher education levels.